The figures show that the value of Scotch exports increased by 87% from £2.3 billion in 2003 to £4.3 billion in 2012.
Volume sales were up by 32% over the same period.
Richard Lochhead, Scotland’s food and drink minister, said: “Scotch whisky is one of out most iconic products and these figures demonstrate the huge global demand for whisky.
“We export to 173 countries, from the US – which has more than doubled its spend on our national drink – Brazil and China, to Bermuda, Papua New Guinea and the Vatican.
“This exemplifies just how important Scotch whisky is not only to the Scottish economy but to our deserved reputation as a land of food and drink.”
The top five export nations by value are the US, France, Singapore, Spain and Germany.