It said the move was hoping to recover around £4 million.
The force will visit traders to check records and carry out other investigations, and is one of 30 set up by HMRC in various business sectors since May of last year.
Danny Alexander, chief secretary to the Treasury, said: “It is just not fair that while Most people in Scotland are paying the right tax, a tiny minority are not paying what they should.
“We will not tolerate tax evasion and will crack down on the minority who choose to break the rules.”
Taskforces are specialist teams that undertake intensive bursts of activity in targeted trade sectors and locations deemed by HMRC to be high risk.