The move puts pressure on Anheuser to agree a sale or face the possibility of a revolt by shareholders to side with Inbev.
That could lead to an Inbev-proposed board – including Adolphus Busch IV, uncle of Anheuser chief executive Augusut Busch IV – being voted in to push through the deal.
Inbev said it would seek clearance for its plan from the US Securities & Exchange Commission, marking an increase in hostility levels for its proposed $46bn takeover of the Budweiser brewer.
Inbev chief executive Carlos Brito said: “Our strong preference remains to enter into a constructive dialogue with Anheuser-Busch to achieve a friendly combination that comprehensively addresses the interests of all constituents.”
A statement from Anheuser-Busch headquarters in St Louis described Inbev’s proposals to remove the board as “a self-serving effort to try to purchase a price determined to be financially inadequate”.
It added: “Anheuser-Busch shareholders should ask themselves whether the directors selected by Inbev would negotiate the best transaction for Anheuser-Busch shareholders.”